文化理論專題 Seminar on Cultural Theories

This class seeks, in a single semester, to give Ph.D. students a thorough grounding in the foundations of contemporary cultural theory. Topics include classical political economy (Marx, Weber, Durkheim), Structuralism and Post-Structuralism (Levi-Strauss, Foucault, and Bourdieu), Gender and Sexuality, Theories of Knowledge (including discussions of the ethnographic method), as well as Globalization Theory and Nationalism. The primary goal of this fast-paced course is to lay a groundwork for further study. For this reason, particular attention will be paid to the intellectual context from which each of these works emerged. A secondary goal of the course is to develop critical reading skills. Through close readings of primary texts students will be encouraged to engage in internal critique, evaluating the texts in their own terms. Student evaluation will be based on weekly in-class presentations, an online reading journal (blog), and two formal debates to be held at midterm and finals. Auditors are welcome, but they must participate in all class activities, including presentations, reading journals, and debates.

這一學期課程內容為博士班學生在文化理論方面的概念基礎。議題包括:古典政治經濟學(馬克思、韋伯、涂爾幹)、結構主義與後結構主義(李維斯陀、傅柯、布狄厄)、性別與性欲特質、知識論(包括民族誌方法的討論),以及全球化理論與民族主義。課程目標在於為學生提供未來研究基礎,因此首要目標著重於探討理論緣起背景,第二讓學生發展批判技巧。透過課堂閱讀教材,學生被鼓勵發展內在批判能力,以對閱讀教材進行批判。對學生的評鑑是以每周課堂表現、blog,以及期中、期末的正式辯論。本課程接受旁聽,但是旁聽生需要參與課堂活動,包括:課堂表現、閱讀教材與辯論。

Required course for Ph.D. students. 博士班學生必修.

課堂大綱 Course Outline (105-1)

WEEK 1 - Introduction

  • (課程內容介紹,課程要求和期望,兼談中英文寫作和書目格式。)

WEEK 2 - Political Economy I: Durkheim

  • Durkheim, Emile
    • 1995 The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. Karen E Fields trans. New York: Simon & Schuster. [Selections: Book I: Chapter 1. Book II: Chapters 6 & 7. Book III: Chapter 3 & Conclusion]
    • 中文:芮傳明 譯 1992 《宗教生活的基本方式》,台北:桂冠。
  • Suggested Readings (Strongly recommended, but students are not required to discuss these works.)
    • Thompson, Ken
      • 2002 Emile Durkheim. New York: Routledge.

WEEK 3 - Political Economy II: Weber

  • Weber, Max
    • 1985 The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. London ; Boston: Unwin Paperbacks.
    • 中文:于曉 譯 2005《新教倫理與資本主義精神》,台北:左岸文化。
    • 1947 “The fundamental concepts of sociology.” The Theory of Social and Economic Organization. 87-157. 《科層(官僚)組織理論》(Chapter 1)
    • 中文:顧忠華 譯 2002 《社會學的基本概念》,台北:桂冠。
    • 1958 “Science as a vocation.” Daedalus 87 (1): 111-134. 《學術作為一種志業》
    • 中文:錢永祥 譯 1991 《學術與政治:韋伯選集 I》,台北:桂冠。
  • Suggested Readings
    • Poggi, Gianfranco
      • 2005 Weber: A Short Introduction. London: Polity Press

WEEK 4 - Political Economy III: Marx

  • Marx
    • 1977 Capital: A Critique of Political Economy. New York: Vintage Books. (Volume 1) [Selections: Preface 1st edition & Postface 2nd edition, Chapter 1 (Sec. 1,2 & 4), Chapter 4, Chapters 6 & 7, Chapter 10, Chapter 25 Sec. 1-4, Part 8 (Chs. 26-33). Appendix sections: “formal subsumption of labor under capital” and “real subsumption of labor under capital.”]
    • 中文:馬克思 2004 《資本論第一卷》,上海:人民出版社。
  • Suggested Readings
    • Mandel, Ernest.
      • 2002 An Introduction to Marxist Economic Theory. Chippendale, N.S.W.: Resistance Books.
      • 中文:張乃烈譯《馬克思主義經濟學簡論》臺灣社會研究叢刊:7。台北:台研季刊社
      • 簡體字版:http://goo.gl/PeKfSN
    • Harvey, David
      • 2014《A Companion to Marx’s Capital》
      • 中文:《跟大衛。哈維讀《資本論》》簡體版

WEEK 5 - Functionalism

  • Malinowski, B.
    • Argonauts of the Western Pacific. Waveland Pr Inc, 1984.(Introduction, Chs. 2-4, 6, 11-12, 14-17, & 22)
  • Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan
    • 1969 The Nuer: A Description of the Modes of Livelihood and Political Institutions of a Nilotic People. Cambridge, UK: Oxford University Press. (Introduction, Chs. 1, 3, & 5)
    • 中文:褚建芳譯 2002 《努爾人-對尼羅河畔一個人群的生活方式和政治制度的描述》現代人類學經典譯叢。上海:華夏。
  • Suggested Readings
    • Stocking, George W.
      • “The Ethnographer’s Magic.” In The Ethnographer’s Magic and Other Essay’s in the History of Anthropology, edited by George W. Stocking, 12–59. Wisconsin University Press, 1992.

WEEK 6 - Structuralism

  • Levi-Strauss, Claude
    • 1963 Structural Anthropology. New York: Basic Books. (Chapters 1-2, 7, 9-13.)
    • 中文:張祖建譯 2006《列維-斯特勞斯文集: 結構人類學 1-2 》上海:中國人民大學出版社。
  • Leach, Edmund.
    • 1973 “Structuralism in Social Anthropology.” Structuralism: An Introduction, 37–56.
    • 1969 “Genesis as Myth.” In Genesis as Myth and Other Essays, edited by Edmund Leach, 7–25. London: Cape.
  • Suggested Readings
    • Matthews, Peter
      • 2003 A Short History of Structural Linguistics. New York: Cambridge University Press

WEEK 7 - The Culture Concept

  • Abu-Lugbod, L
    • 2006 “Writing against culture.” Feminist Anthropology: A Reader 8:153.
  • Asad, T
    • 1986 “The concept of cultural translation in british social anthropology.” Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography 1:141-164.
    • 中文:高丙中 吳曉黎 李霞 等2008《寫文化︰民族志的詩學與政治學》,北京:商務印書館。
  • Sahlins, M
    • 1999 “Two or three things that I know about culture.” The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 5 (3): 399-421.
  • Gupta, Akhil, and James Ferguson.
    • 1992 “Beyond ‘culture’: Space, Identity, and the Politics of Difference.” Cultural Anthropology 7, no. 1: 6–23.
  • Stocking, George W.
    • 1966 “Franz Boas and the Culture Concept in Historical Perspective.” American Anthropologist 68, no. 4: 867–82.
  • Sapir, E.
    • 1924 “Culture, Genuine and Spurious.” The American Journal of Sociology.

WEEK 8 - Special Event: James Clifford (林徐達)10/21 & 10/28 (6:10-9pm)

  • Clifford, James
    • 2013 Returns: Becoming Indigenous in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    • 1986 “Introduction: Partial Truths.” In Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography, edited by James Clifford and George Marcus. Berkeley: CA: University of California Press.
    • 1983 “On Ethnographic Authority.” Representations, no. 2: 118–46.

WEEK 9 - Midterm Debate

WEEK 10 - Gramsci

  • Sperber, Nathan, and George Hoare
    • 2015 An Introduction to Antonio Gramsci: His Life, Thought and Legacy. Bloomsbury Academic.
  • Crehan, Kate A F.
    • 2002 Gramsci, Culture, and Anthropology. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Suggested Readings
    • Gramsci, Antonio
      • 1990 “Some aspects of the southern question.” Antonio Gramsci: Selections From Political Writings (1921-1926). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 《 南方問題札記》

WEEK 11 - No Class 全校運動會(停課一天)

WEEK 12 - Interpretive Anthropology 林徐達

  • 林徐達
    • 2015 《詮釋人類學:民族誌閱讀與書寫的交互評註》台北:桂冠。 (導讀、第一張、第二章、結論)

WEEK 13 - Gender

  • Mascia-Lee, Frances E., and Nancy Johnson Black.
    • 1999 Gender and Anthropology. Waveland Pr Inc.
  • Rubin, G
    • 2006 “The traffic in women: Notes on the political economy of sex.”. Feminist Anthropology: A Reader. E. Lewin ed. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
    • 中文:張娟芬譯,1999〈交易女人:性的「政治經濟學」〉,收錄於顧燕翎、鄭至慧編,《女性主義經典》,頁167-177,台北:女書。
  • Sacks, K B
    • 1989 “Toward a unified theory of class, race, and gender.” American Ethnologist 16 (3): 534-550.

WEEK 14 - Post-Structuralism I: Bourdieu

  • Bourdieu, Pierre
    • 1977 Outline of a Theory of Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    • 中文:宋偉航譯2004《實作理論綱要》。台北:城邦。
  • Thompson, John B.
    • 1991 “Introduction” Language and Symbolic Power, John B. Thompson Ed. & Trans.. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    • 中文參考資料:http://goo.gl/i6eu9v
  • Ortner, Sherry B.
    • 1984 “Theory in Anthropology since the Sixties,” in Culture/Power/History: A Reader in Contemporary Social Theory. Kirks, Nicholas, G. Eley, S. B. Ortner eds. Princeton: Princeton University. pp372-411.
    • 中文:莊孔韶主編2008《人類學經典導讀》,上海:中國人民大學出版社

WEEK 15 - Post-Structuralism II: Foucault

  • Foucault, M.
    • 1979 Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage Books. Web.
    • 中文:劉北成譯1992 《規訓與懲罰–監獄的誕生》,台北:桂冠
    • 2012 The History of Sexuality: An Introduction Vintage, .
    • 1991 “Questions of method.” in The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmental Nationality : With Two Lectures by and An Interview with Michel Foucault. G Burchell, C Gordon, and P M Miller eds. 1991. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf. pp. 73-86.
    • Suggested Readings
      • 2007 [1972] “The discourse on language.” Appendix: Archaeology of Knowledge. London ; New York: Routledge. pp 215-37.
      • 中文:許寶強、袁偉選編2001《語言與翻譯的政治》,北京:中央編譯出版社。(英譯版本”The Order of Discourse” in Untying the Text, edited by Robert Young. London: RKP, 1981)

WEEK 16 - Postcolonialism

  • Williams, Patrick, and Laura Chrisman, eds.
    • Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader. Columbia University Press, 1994. (Parts 1,2, & 5)

WEEK 17 - Neoliberalism

  • Ong, Aihwa
    • 2006 Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty. Duke University Press Books.
  • Ortner, Sherry.
    • 2011 “On Neoliberalism.” Anthropology of This Century. http://aotcpress.com/articles/neoliberalism/.
  • Harvey, David
    • 2007 “Neoliberalism as Creative Destruction.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 610, no. 1 (March 1): 21–44.

WEEK 18 (1/10) - Final Debate

課堂大綱 Outline [PDF]

Course Info

Time and Location 時間與地點

  • 時間:星期三, 2:10pm-6:00pm
  • 地點:原

Requirements and Credits

  • 授課時數: 3
  • 開課班級: 博士班

Instructor 授師

  • 傅可恩 P. Kerim Friedman
  • 校內分機: 5795
  • 電子郵件: fulaoshi@oxus.net
  • 辦公室: 原A404
  • 會談時間: 每週下午2點至4點或與教師另行約定
  • 個人網頁:http://kerim.oxus.net/

作業與評分 Grading

  1. 課堂報告(40%):每位學生(含旁聽生)選擇6次課堂報告,報告內容為該周之(部份或全部)授課內容,長度為20分鐘(未定)。報告以書寫講稿為方式,請於上課前自行影印並於上課時發放予每一位同學和老師。
  2. 正式辯論(40%):本課程將舉行兩次正式辯論,一次在期中,第二次在期末。學生將被要求為某一作者的著作與主要概念進行辯護。一半學生是辯士,另一半是裁判,裁判要對辯士提出問題。
  3. 心得報告(20%):每位學生每週需於本課程專屬部落格上公告每篇文章心得。

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